Examination of the Legal-Moral Exigencies of Sports in Developing Nations and Minors

  • Oluwagbenga Atere
Keywords: Sports; Gambling, Legal consequences, Government


Sports betting has become a viable industry all over the world and in more recent times on the African continent creating jobs and economic opportunities for people and government. However, the secondary effect of sports betting or gambling is crime fuelled by addiction to sports betting. The author points out the dilemma of government in turning a blind eye to the criminality fuelled by the addiction to sports betting and economic opportunities for its citizenry which then necessitates terminologies such as legal gambling. This also creates an environment for the lack of protection of children who could be criminally and civilly exploited by the sports betting industry with no apparent legal consequences especially in developing nations. More, importantly the author tries to create the imagery of other bi-products of sports betting such as Match fixing as a class crime action requiring a special legislative and legal attention to effectively curtail the menace for the good of competitive sports in the world.


Guru Prasad Biswas v state of west Bengal & ors (1998) 2 Cal LT 215.

State of Bombay v. rmd chamarbaugwala AIR 1957 SC 699.

Gherulal Parakh v. Mahadeodas Maiya & Ors. AIR 1959 SC 781.


Complete Sports ``Sports betting in Africa’’January 2019 https://www.completesports.com/sports-betting-in-africa-an-industry-at-growth/ .


Moses Eze ``Three of Nigeria’s biggest Online betingwinnes of all time’’ African betting guide 1/8/2018 https://africanbettingguide.com/news/three-of-nigerias-biggest-online-betting-winners/ last accesed on 22/4/2018

United Kingdom Gambling Act 2005.

Section 46(1) of the Uk Gambling Act 2005.

Section 46(2) of the UK Gambling Act 2005.

Section 4(3) of the UK Gambling Act 2005.

Section 12 of the South African National Gambling Act 2004.

Re jones (1881) 18 ch d 109.

Amadi v pool house group & nigerian pools 1966 ANLR 532.

Atu v face to face pools ltd 1974 4 U.I.L.R 131.

Article 15(1) of the African charter on the rights and welfare of the child 1979.

Article 12(1) of the African Charter on the rights and welfare of the child 1979.


Section 236 of the Criminal code Act.

Section 237 of the criminal code Act.

Section 239(2) of the criminal code act.

Online betting .com``Gambling laws in Nigeria’’ 2020 https://www.onlinebetting.com/legal/nigeria/ last accesed on 23/4/2020.

BBC, ``Number of Child gamblers Quadriples in the past two years’’ 21 Novemeber 2018 https://www.bbc.com/news/business-46286945 last viewed on 23/4/2020.

Council of Europe convention on the Manipulation of sports competitions,18 September,2014 4 www.coe.int/en/web/ conventions/full-list/-/conventions/treaty/215 last accesed on 31/3/21.

E.8.1 of the betting rules of the English Football Association hand book 2020-2021.

International Cricket Council (ICC) v Salman Butt, Mohammed Asif and Mohammed Amir, Determination of the Independent Anti-corruption Tribunal, 5 February 2011 http://icc-live.s3.amazonaws.com/cms/media/about_

docs/518b6fcd97012-International%20Cricket%20Council%20v%20Salman%20Butt,%20Mohammad%20Asif%20 and%20Mohammad%20Amir%20-%20Determination%20of%20the%20independent%20anti-corruption%20tribunal.pdf.

E 8.2 of the betting rules of the English Football Association hand book 2020-2021.

Branca, A. “Ex-NBA ref Tim Donaghy: 'Organized crime will always have a hand in sports'’, The Guardian online, 22 May 2015 www.theguardian.com/sport/2015/may/22/ex-nba-ref-tim-donaghy- organizedwill-always-have-a-hand-in-sport. last accesed on 31/3/21.

E.8.3 betting rules of the English Football Association hand book 2020-2021.

International Olympic Commitee and the United Nations office drugs and crime,``Criminlaistaion approaches to combat match fixing and illegal/irregular betting a global perspective.July 2013.

united nations office for drug and crime,``good practices in the investiagtion on match fixing’’ https://www.unodc.org/documents/corruption/publications/2016/v1602591- lasta ccesed on 31/3/21 resource_guide_on_good_practices_in_the_investigation_of_match-fixing.pdf.


Nerds of gambling,``12 MOST FAMOUS MATCH FIXING SCANDALS YHAT HAVE BEEN EXPOSED January 27,2018https://www.nerdsofgambling.com/12-famous-match-fixing-scandals-exposed/ last accesed on 23/4/2020.





How to Cite
Atere, O. (2021). Examination of the Legal-Moral Exigencies of Sports in Developing Nations and Minors. GLS Law Journal , 3(2), 39 - 51. Retrieved from https://glslawjournal.in/index.php/glslawjournal/article/view/48