Navigating the Climate Crisis: Exploring International Law's Evolution and Application

  • Patrick Chukwunonso Aloamaka Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Delta State University, Oleh Campus, Delta State, Nigeria
Keywords: Climate Crisis, International Climate Law, International Frameworks, Paris Agreement, Emission Reduction Targets, Compliance Mechanisms

Abstract

The climate crisis demands a global effort to mitigate its impact and adapt to the changing environment. International law is essential in addressing this crisis, enabling cooperation and providing a framework for action. This study explores the evolution and effectiveness of international law in navigating the climate crisis. It examines the historical development of international environmental law, highlighting key milestones like the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement. The study evaluates the effectiveness of international law in driving climate action through mechanisms such as emission reduction targets, reporting obligations, financial assistance, and technology transfer. It also addresses challenges within the existing legal framework, including enforcement mechanisms, compliance issues, and equitable treatment of developing countries. Furthermore, the study explores the evolving role of non-state actors in shaping climate governance and influencing international legal norms. It investigates transnational networks, voluntary initiatives, and corporate social responsibility as complementary to international legal instruments. Finally, the research identifies pathways for future development and enhancement of international climate law, emphasizing more ambitious emission reduction commitments, integrating climate considerations into other areas of international law, and exploring innovative legal approaches like climate litigation and climate-related trade measures.

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Published
2024-01-01
How to Cite
Aloamaka, P. C. (2024). Navigating the Climate Crisis: Exploring International Law’s Evolution and Application. GLS Law Journal , 6(1), 48 - 58. Retrieved from https://glslawjournal.in/index.php/glslawjournal/article/view/127