GLS Law Journal en-US (Dr. Mayuri Pandya) s******** (Shanti P Chaudhari) Tue, 30 Jun 2020 07:23:00 +0000 OJS 60 Ensuring Food Security By Promoting Sustainable Agriculture: An Analysis <p>The staggering number of undernourished people in the world hovering around 820 million is an alarming situation for the global leaders. This concern has find the place in the Sustainable development goals that United Nations has targeted to achieve by 2030. The Second Sustainable development goal mentions about ending hunger and achieving sustainability in the agricultural practices. Sustainability in agriculture seeks to intertwine the objectives of equity, profitability and ensuring healthy environment. Sustainable agriculture envisages farmers to promote practices which ensures healthy soil, reduction in pollution level at the farms, minimization of water use. Food security can be ensured by adopting sustainable farming practices.&nbsp; The visions of the world leaders while drafting the Sustainable development goals is not only to reduce hunger but also to ensure nutritious food for all. India is also striving to attain the Sustainable development goals by adopting precise policies and better implementation. The Government of India has come up with the scheme of Soil Health Cards in order to promote sustainable agriculture which assists the farmers in gauging the optimum amount of fertilizers to be used. India is providing basic cereals to its poor under the Public Distribution System. The Mid-Day Meal Scheme of the Indian government has also been recognized as a potential tool to meet the urgent needs to tackle the issue of Nourishment among the School going Children. The world should realize that farmer being the main stakeholder in the whole process should be strengthened by providing better access to good practices and easy finance.</p> Neeraj Sharma Copyright (c) 2020 GLS Law Journal Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Paradigm Shift Towards Sustainability: An Environmental Irony <p>Since last few decades, the environmental challenges have been garnering severe attention from all the masses around the globe and have affected the political, social, legal as well as economical aspects at a considerably large scale. The environmental threats such as biomedical waste, textile waste, food waste, etc. have been hampering and posing threats to the living beings. An error in segregating and dumping the biomedical waste can taint the groundwater resources and may also pollute the air we breathe in. Several atmospheric discharges such as Nitrogen and Sulphur Oxide from the furnaces of the textile mills pose a threat to the workers and the environment. Only few of us contemplate the role played by the food waste in imposing grievous damage to the environment by the Methane gas which is released after it decomposes. Apart from the individuals, the corporate organizations have also played a major role in endangering the natural resources as well as the environment. This paper showcases the disproportionate penalties paid by the huge corporate organizations in lieu of the actual damage caused to the environment. The plight of the environment has been relieved through various national laws, international laws and policies. In some parts of the world, the mitigating policies have been implemented at a rapid pace while the other part still struggles for justice and environment friendly policies. This paper aims to highlight the role of the legislature and the judiciary in the evolution of the laws and policies pertaining to the environment.</p> Somya Babel, Sreedevi Poduval Copyright (c) 2020 GLS Law Journal Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Facade of Federalist Incongruity: A Political Pretense To A Popular Menace <p>Sand, being a minor mineral, slips out of the Union List of the Seventh Schedule; which section 15 of the MMDR Act[1] re-assures. This, coupled with entries 23 and 64 of State List is construed as categorical constraint on Union interference in the popular menace of sand mining. But, this paper here crusades to construct an inclusive interpretation of entries 17A, 17B, 20, 34 of concurrent List and entries 13, 42, 51, 54, 56, 97 of the Union List to compel unconditional compliance to conservation justice principles. Sand mining, apart from being viewed as a robbery of a resource in itself, must be viewed under the wide lens of wildlife, habitation and ecology. These three are intertwined in a way that the changes in the geomorphology of river, its physical and chemical properties, the consequential head-cutting thereof erode the exotic wildlife of their naturally available habitat, migrating the zoonotic diseases along with them to human settlements. The artificial lateral erosion in the form of degrading dredging also attacks the stability of standing structures like bridges, water tanks, railway pillars, etc. The human habitation is also affected by the suspended particulate matter in air and potholed pathways, a result of wrongly chosen routes for transport. Hence, as lucrative and necessary the business of sand and construction sounds, it is more crucial to consider the grave existential threat of rampaging our rivers. The State specific solutions have either been stuck in 1950s laws[2] or come off as late epiphanies to altogether ban mining. A combined crusade for preservation and public health commands a quasi federalist conscience of a common conservation law than a duty dividing federalist approach between the Centre and the States.[1] Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957.[2] An example would be the Tamil Nadu Minor Mineral Concession Rules, 1959.</p> Miss. Sasi Varadharajan Copyright (c) 2020 GLS Law Journal Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Climatic Conditions And Its Effect on World Dynamics: A Burning Question <p>World dynamics appear to be in a perpetual state of crisis, in and out. There exists an increasing risk of a catastrophic war at an international level with each passing day, amongst these tensions, the most defining threat of the century is climate change. The drastic variations in the climatic conditions have the potential to affect the geopolitical situation of the world. Climate change is real and its effects will not only test the international system but also trigger social and economic upheaval. Threats at the global level, call for cooperation at the global level. The developments in the climatic conditions will inevitably lead to structural transformation in the domain of global politics, predominantly impacting the poorer countries. The alterations in the climatic conditions will not only lead to the creation of new crises but also largely exacerbate the pre-existing ones. In light of these unpropitious circumstances, state responses to climatic phenomena are more of a determining factor than the effects themselves. It is well established that resources are scarce and as a result, debates between countries will intensify due to the ever-increasing climate fears; humankind has proven itself to be highly adaptable, but the combined effects of climatic conditions on cities, food production and water supplies pose an imminent and enormous danger to Mother Earth. It is quintessential for the human race to confront the question of climate change with a sense of achieving a common goal. This paper aims to analyse the impending doom posed by climate change, and its effects on global economy, the issue of climate refugees and international relations in the contemporary era.</p> Paridhi Dave Copyright (c) 2020 GLS Law Journal Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Evolution of Ecological Consciousness: A Political Issue <p>The paper involves an attempt to focus on the question of how sustainable development became a political issue. The path to discuss the ideology and its growth as a political concern leads to an emphasis over its origin. First, an attempt to trace the ecological sentiments back to the dawn of the Neolithic or Paleolithic times where people respected nature and had a more caring and responsive view and how and how they establish harmonious practices for resource management. Second, the emphasis on some of the most dangerous and threatening exercises by the biologists through their books. Thirdly, is the phase of the late 20th century when intense use of land, industrialization, over population etc. became a source of origin for ecological consciousness. The individual and international conditions and impacts in the 20th century are supported by some examples. Industrialization and capitalism was a main cause for the evolution of ecological consciousness as it focused on profit generation and consumerism gradually over populating the humans and eventually becoming threat to their well being. Further an attempt is made to trace the conditions in India and the relation between poverty and ecological degradation is explained and simplified. Later the question about the comprehension of ecological damages with the decreasing availability of natural resources is been dealt with help of some examples<br>The desire is to answer the question of how the idea of sustainable development and ecological consciousness became political that is how this issue being social, economic and scientific turned out to be a political issue or how the people became politically active and felt the need for their deliberate action over the concern<br>The dilemma of limited natural resources and their exploitation due to unending human aspirations for growth and development has also raised the question whether the natural capital stock which includes environment and other natural resources will be affected by these human aspirations.<br>Therefore the paper is to make people aware about how certain evolution of ecological consciousness has been emerging to be a political issue by referring to the origin, evolution and related social complications.</p> Nehal Bohara Copyright (c) 2020 GLS Law Journal Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000